The shield on our Coat of Arms, linking us with England through the lion and celebrating our Maritime location and shipbuilding prominence, was assigned by Queen Victoria in 1868. The other features were assigned by Queen Elizabeth II on September 25, 1984 during a visit to Fredericton.


1534 Jacques Cartier explored the coast of New Brunswick, sailing into and naming the Baie des Chaleurs.

1604 Samuel de Champlain and Pierre du Gua de Monts established the first French colony in North America on St. Croix Island.

1635 Charles de La Tour was granted a large tract of land which included Saint John Harbour, the site of his fortress.

1654Nicholas Denys received commission as Governor of Acadia.

1663 The Great Earthquake hit the North Shore.

1681 First Catholic Church in New Brunswick was built at Chignecto.

1692 Governor Villebon constructed his fort at the mouth of the Nashwaak River.

1706 Subercase became the last French Governor of Acadia.

1751 Fort Beausejour was built by the French to challenge British claims on New Brunswick.

1755 Colonel Monckton captured Fort Beausejour and renamed it Fort Cumberland.

1755 The order for deportation of the Acadians was proclaimed.

1760 The Battle of Restigouche, the last battle between France and Britain for possession of Canada, was waged.

1770 The first ship built on the St. John River, "The Betsy", made its maiden voyage.

1775 The first Protestant church in New Brunswick, Sheffield United, was built.

1783 The first ships bearing Loyalists arrived. 7,000 Loyalists landed at Parrtown (Saint John).

1784 The Province of New Brunswick was established by an order-in-council.

1785 Saint John became Canada's first incorporated city.

1785 Fredericton was named capital of New Brunswick. The first provincial election was held.

1786 The first legislature opened in Saint John.

1788 Point de Bute became the site of the first Methodist Church in Canada.

1790 William Davidson, one of the first lumber barons and founder of the first commercial salmon fishery on the Miramichi, died.

1791 The first lighthouse was completed on Partridge Island.

1796 Julia Beckwith, born in Fredericton, became Canada's first published author.

1800 Kings College (now University of New Brunswick) was founded.

1812 The War of 1812 gave a tremendous boost to New Brunswick's timber industry.

1815 300 former slaves from Maryland and Virginia arrived at Saint John and settled in Loch Lomond.

1816 The first river boat, "The General Smyth", sailed from Saint John to Fredericton.

1817 Thomas S. Green arrived from Warwickshire England.

1820 The Bank of New Brunswick was established - the first chartered bank in Canada.

1825 The Great Miramichi Fire, which raged for nearly three weeks, left over 15,000 people homeless.

1826 The Arts Building on the UNB Campus in Fredericton, designed by J.E. Woolford, was erected. Presently, it is the oldest university building in Canada still in use.

1826 Saint John created the first paid police force in Canada.

1842 Boundary between Maine and New Brunswick was settled by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty.

1845 The Rev. John Medley was consecrated Bishop of Fredericton (Church of England).

1845 Construction began on Christ Church Cathedral in Fredericton, the first new location for a cathedral since the Norman Conquest.

1851 Brydone Jack built the first observatory in Canada at UNB in Fredericton.

1851 The 1,625 ton sailing ship "Marco Polo", built in Saint John, became famous for the fastest trip from Britain to Australia and back.

1852 Abraham Gesner patented Kerosene.

1854 Kings College (UNB) offered the first engineering course in Canada.

1855 The Prohibition Bill was passed in the Legislature.

1861 Sarah Emma Edmund of Magaguadavic, disguised as a man, served at the Battle of Bull in the American Civil War.

1861 Poet Bliss Carmen was born in Fredericton.

1864 College Saint-Joseph opened in Memramcook.

1865 Joseph Cunard, Miramichi shipbuilder and one of the founding brothers of the world famous Cunard Lines, died.

1867 First issue of "Le Moniteur Acadian", the first French language newspaper in the Maritimes, was published.

1867 Four Saint John oarsmen won the World's Championship in Paris.

1868 "Weekly Times" was first published in Moncton.

1870 Canada's first YWCA opened in Saint John.

1875 Grace Ann Lockhart became the first woman in the British Empire to be awarded a Bachelor's degree, Mount Allison University, Sackville.

1876 Intercolonial Railway from New Brunswick to Montreal was completed.

1877 The Great Fire in Saint John left 15,000 people homeless.

1879 Max Aitken, Lord Beaverbrook, press baron, industrialist and benefactor was born.

1882 The present Legislative Assembly Building was opened in Fredericton.

1884 Acadian national flag was adopted.

1888 Enterprise Foundry Co. Ltd. started manufacturing stoves in Sackville.

1899 Industrialist K.C. Irving was born in Bouctouche.

1901 The world's longest covered bridge opened in Hartland.

1904 Louis B. Mayer, one of the founders of Hollywood's MGM Studios, left his hometown of Saint John for Boston.

1910 First chocolate bar was invented by Ganong Brothers, St. Stephen.

1918 New Brunswick created the first Health Department in British Empire.

1922 Bonar Law, the only Prime Minister of Britain to be born outside the British Isles (Rexton), was elected to office.

1923 Winifred Blair, Miss Saint John, became the first Miss Canada in Montreal.

1926 Charles Gorman, Saint John, established several world records in speed skating.

1929 CFBO Radio in Saint John hosted Don Messer's first broadcast with a group known as "The New Brunswick Lumberjacks".

1930 Hopewell Hill native, R.B. Bennett, became Prime Minister of Canada.

1932 The Royal Canadian Mounted Police assumed the policing of New Brunswick.

1932 Willie Logan won 2 Bronze Medals at the Winter Olympic Games in Lake Placid, New York.

1932-34 The Moncton Hawks reigned as Canada's Senior Hockey Champions.

1934 Cigarettes were a penny apiece, men's suits sold for $10 at Eaton's, and a round trip steamer from Saint John to Britain cost $110.

1935 Charles G.D. Roberts became the first Canadian poet to be knighted.

1939 Noted computer programmer and HTML expert, R. Arthur Green, was born in Woodstock.

1958 Yvon Durelle, the fighting Fisherman from Baie Ste. Anne, challenged Archie Moore for the Light Heavyweight Championship of the world. Durelle won the Canadian title in 1953.

1959 Tragic storm claimed the lives of 35 fishermen from Escuminac.

1965 New Brunswick's provincial flag was adopted.

1969 The Official Languages Act made New Brunswick the first bilingual province.

1971 Hedard Robichaud became the first Acadian Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick.

1973 Ron Turcotte, Grand Falls, won the horseracing Triple Crown, riding the legendary "Secretariat".

1975 Danny Grant, Fredericton, scored his fiftieth goal for the Detroit Red Wings.

1977 Irving Woodlands reached a milestone as K.C. Irving planted the one hundred millionth seedling.

1977 The first solar heated office building in Canada was built in Shediac (NB Power).

1979 Antonine Maillet, Acadian author of "La Sagouine" and "Pelagie-la-Charette", won the Prestigious Prix Goncourt.

1980 The Furbish Lousewart became the first plant to be protected under the Endangered Species Act.

1983 The 200th anniversary of the landing of approx. 3,000 Loyalists at the mouth of the St. John River after the American Revolution.

1984 His Holiness, Pope John Paul ll, became the first pope to visit New Brunswick.

1984 New Brunswick celebrated its bicentennial!

1985 The 200th anniversary of the incorporation of the City of Saint John by Royal Charter direct from England.

1985 The Jeux Canada Games held in Saint John.

1987 The Liberal Party won all 58 seats in the New Brunswick Legislature, creating the unprecedented situation of having no official opposition in the House.

1988 Fredericton's Jim Sullivan rink won the World Junior Curling Championship in Fusen, West Germany.

1990 The City of Moncton celebrated its first centennial.